U.S. English Foundation Research
August 13, 2001
6. Education and Use of Languages
6.1. With respect to primary and secondary education, instruction will be provided in students' native languages, while at the same time uniform standards for academic programs will be applied throughout Macedonia.
6.2. State funding will be provided for university level education in languages spoken by at least 20 percent of the population of Macedonia, on the basis of specific agreements.
6.3. The principle of positive discrimination will be applied in the enrolment in State universities of candidates belonging to communities not in the majority in Macedonia until the enrolment reflects equitably the composition of the population of Macedonia.
6.4. The official language throughout Macedonia and in the international relations of Macedonia is the Macedonian language.
6.5. Any other language spoken by at least 20 percent of the population is also the official language, as set forth herein. In the organs of the Republic of Macedonia, any official language other than Macedonian may be used in accordance with the law, as further elaborated in Annex B. Any person living in the unit of local self-government in which at least 20 percent of the population speaks the official language other than Macedonian, may use any official language to communicate with the regional office of the central government with responsibility for that municipality; such an office will reply in that language in addition to Macedonian. A person may use any official language to communicate with a main office of the central government, which will reply in that language in addition to Macedonian.
6.6. With respect to local self-government, in municipalities where a community comprises at least 20 percent of the population of the municipality, the language of that community will be used as the official language in addition to Macedonian. With respect to languages spoken by less than 20 percent of the population of the municipality, the local authorities will decide democratically on their use in public bodies.
6.7. In criminal and civil judicial proceedings at any level, an accused person or any party will have the right to translation of all proceedings as well as documents at the State expense in accordance with relevant Council of Europe documents.
6.8. Any official personal documents of citizens speaking the official language other than Macedonian will also be issued in that language, in addition to the Macedonian language, in accordance with the law.
Official Language Research
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